spotlight Today In History, May 14: Warsaw Pact May 14, 2019 0 Facebook Twitter SMS Email Print Save Today is Tuesday, May 14.Today's Highlight in History: 1955: Warsaw Pact On May 14, 1955, representatives from eight Communist bloc countries, including the Soviet Union, signed the Warsaw Pact in Poland. (The Pact was dissolved in 1991.) AP 1796: Smallpox In 1796, English physician Edward Jenner inoculated 8-year-old James Phipps against smallpox by using cowpox matter. AP 1804: Lewis & Clark In 1804, the Lewis and Clark expedition to explore the Louisiana Territory as well as the Pacific Northwest left camp near present-day Hartford, Illinois. AP 1925: "Mrs Dalloway" In 1925, the Virginia Woolf novel "Mrs Dalloway" was first published in England and the United States. AP 1948: Israel In 1948, according to the current-era calendar, the independent state of Israel was proclaimed in Tel Aviv by David Ben-Gurion, who became its first prime minister; U.S. President Harry S. Truman immediately recognized the new nation. AP 1961: Freedom Riders In 1961, Freedom Riders were attacked by violent mobs in Anniston and Birmingham, Alabama. AP 1968: Apple Corps. In 1968, John Lennon and Paul McCartney held a news conference in New York to announce the creation of the Beatles' latest business venture, Apple Corps. AP 1973: Skylab In 1973, the United States launched Skylab 1, its first manned space station. (Skylab 1 remained in orbit for six years before burning up during re-entry in 1979.) AP 2001: Supreme Court In 2001, the Supreme Court ruled 8-0 that there is no exception in federal law for people to use marijuana for medical purposes. AP 2004: Supreme Court In 2004, the U.S. Supreme Court refused to step in and block gay marriages in Massachusetts. AP 2008: Justine Henin In 2008, Justine Henin (EH'-nen), 25, became the first woman to retire from tennis while atop the WTA rankings. AP 2008: Polar Bears In 2008, the Interior Department declared the polar bear a threatened species because of the loss of Arctic sea ice. AP 2009: Chrysler Dealers Ten years ago: Chrysler announced plans to eliminate 789 dealerships as part of its restructuring. AP 2009: Hubble Space Telescope Ten years ago: A pair of spacewalking astronauts installed a new piano-sized camera in the Hubble Space Telescope. AP 2009: Nancy Pelosi Ten years ago: House Speaker Nancy Pelosi accused the CIA of misleading her and other lawmakers about the waterboarding of detainees during the Bush administration, disputing Republican charges that she'd been complicit in its use. AP 2014: California Wildfires Five years ago: A wildfire erupted in the north San Diego suburb of Carlsbad, destroying eight houses, two businesses and an apartment complex. AP 2014: Ted Cruz Five years ago: Canadian-born U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz officially renounced his birth country's citizenship amid speculation he could make a run at the White House in 2016. AP 2018: Israel US Embassy One year ago: Israel and the U.S. held a festive inauguration ceremony for the new American Embassy in Jerusalem; just a few miles away, Israeli forces shot and killed nearly 60 Palestinians and wounded hundreds of others during mass protests along the Gaza border that were the culmination of weekly demonstrations aimed at breaking a border blockade. AP 2018: Supreme Court One year ago: The Supreme Court cleared the way for states coast to coast to legalize betting on sports. AP 2018: Tom Wolfe One year ago: Writer Tom Wolfe, who chronicled the space race in "The Right Stuff" before turning his satiric wit to such novels as "The Bonfire of the Vanities," died in New York at the age of 88. 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